In the past people believed that when a plant resembled a body part, it was capable of curing ailments of said part. Pulmonary function tests are used to assess your lung function or capacity. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' PP 11,234 (Victorian Brooch Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' is a Terra Nova hybrid of Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard', characterized by very large flowers, a compact scape of purple flowers and a 2.5 month bloom period. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) COP is a disease of the bronchioles and the alveoli in the lungs. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. There are several cultivars of the fake Pulmonaria angustifolia, the most commonly grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer'. Introduction. Anderson; Pulmonaria Longifolia Exclaibur; Pulmonaria Majeste; Summary. Lungworts are shade plants that, like many of the hostas, are often valued more for their attractive foliage than for their spring flowers. The blades are usually large, from narrowly lanceolate to oval, with the base ranging from heart shaped to very gradually narrowing, and can have a sharply pointed or blunt tip. Pulmonaria (lungwort) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and western Asia, with one species (P. mollissima) east to central Asia. Others include P. The leaves are often prominently spotted in black and blue, or sometimes in pale green, or unspotted. (Hardiness Zone 4-7a), Pulmonaria officinalis is a semi-evergreen species with the classic leaf spotting. , Pulmonaria is an early spring flowering deciduous perennial, retaining its leaves till late winter, just before the new growth emerges.. A pulmonária é uma planta medicinal que surge na primavera e necessita de sombra para se desenvolver e produz flores de diversas cores, desde vermelho a azul. Others include P. affinis. Despite the funny name, pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant. There is only one cultivar of the true Pulmonaria angustifolia ... a plant that goes by the invalid name of Pulmonaria angustifolia 'Alba'. Just a couple of weeks to go... * My Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' in full bloom in March last year; its flowers are amazing true blue, opening from purple buds. Over the years, the number and quality of Pulmonaria hybrids has dramatically increased and improved. E.B. These unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets. They are especially valued as groundcover in damp shaded areas, producing their blue and/or pink flowers in late winter and early spring, accompanied by dense clusters of heart-shaped leaves that are often strikingly mottled and marbled, throughout summer. I have also found that light shade with a few hours of morning sun is preferable. In deep shade, where air circulation is often less than ideal, many of the cultivars will tend to get powdery mildew on their foliage during the summer. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 15 species of perennials in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and Asia. There are a number of selections of Pulmonaria rubra in commerce, but since they have poor heat tolerance, they are confined to cooler summer climates. Check out our list of 20 different types of tropical flowers to get inspired. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' (Margery Fish Lungwort), This lungwort from plantswoman Margery Fish was originally thought to be a selection of Pulmonaria vallarsae, but was found to be a hybrid. Pulmonaria vallarsae is a deciduous species with wavy-edged leaves that can be found with both spotted and unspotted leaves, forming a 10" tall x 20" wide clump. A winning Terra Nova introduction between Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Bertram Anderson’ and Pulmonaria vallarsae ‘Margery Fish’, this energetic Pulmonaria serves generous portions of clustered, large royal-blue flowers. Pulmonaria are short-lived plants by nature and the only way to maintain them on a long-term basis is to divide the clumps every 3-5 years. Of the known species of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation. Since then, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver leaf Pulmonarias with good heat tolerance. Perhaps with a name like lungworts, it's no wonder that few folks put these in their plant grocery carts. Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' is the winner of the prestigious RHS Award of Garden Merit.  The stamens and style are included within the corolla and not protruding. No one even knows what the original Pulmonaria 'Miss Moon' looked like, so pick one of the better choices and avoid this one. I like to do this in fall and winter, when the entire clump can be lifted, teased apart, and replanted. Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. All leaves are covered with hairs that are usually bristly, or occasionally soft. Copyright © 2020 Plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | Botanical name. Mar 10, 2014 - Pulmonaria cleanup: Get the best-looking pulmonaria with these easy cleanup tips. This led to the common name \"lungwort.\" Despite the odd name, lungwort has amazing design aspectsprimarily for its early spring blooms. Basal leaves are carried on stalks that can be short or longer than the leaf blade in various species. Within the corolla throat, five tufts of hairs alternate with the stamens to form a ring. , The leaves are arranged in rosettes. Pulmonaria What kind of name is 'Lungwort' for such a handsome perennial? "Well Spotted" The Garden. The stems are usually upright, or slightly spreading. Actually, any season that you have time to divide the plant will work. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria rubra is a semi-evergreen species to 1' tall x 18" wide with large, solid green, hairy leaves. However, even NSIP has a five-year survival rate of only 86 to 92 percent. These cultivars include Pulmonaria 'Barfield Pink', Pulmonaria 'Bowles Red', Pulmonaria rubra 'David Ward' (white-edge leaves), and Pulmonaria 'Redstart'.  Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia and P. longifolia. They like moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too. Moon' (Mrs. FIGS. Only a handful of the EU selected Pulmonaria cultivars are available in the US, and many only exist in small specialty nurseries in the EU. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' PP 13,686 (Moonshine Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is the result of an open pollinated seedling of unknown parents. Russian medunitza, Polish miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian "медуница". Family Boraginaceae . The diseased foliage can be removed and discarded and the plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage. It is one of the best Pulmonaria species for sun tolerance, and it is only represented in the trade by one cultivar, Pulmonaria 'Margaret' (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria angustifolia has been the source of much nomenclatural confusion, since the plant in the horticultural trade as Pulmonaria angustifolia doesn't match the real Pulmonaria angustifolia. Pulmonaria officinalis is an perennial evergreen species. Most are fast growers, producing multiply offset each year. The leaves also have a rough, hairy fuzz covering them. ): A revised infrafamilial classification based on new phylogenetic evidence, with emphasis on the placement of some enigmatic genera", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pulmonaria&oldid=958736549, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 May 2020, at 13:02. Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. The flowers are a very light blue, compared to the dark blue of Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson'. These fake Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers. Grown since the 1930s, Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria 'Majeste', a much improved selection (first sold in 1988) soon followed, and this French introduction from Didier Willery of La Ferme Fleurie Nursery was a much superior plant with a better PR agent. Unlike most other Pulmonaria species, the flowers are salmon red. Root cuttings need to be 2-3" long and stuck vertically with the end furthest from the plant crown down ... polarity is very important. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). Lungwort plants are most often grown for their interesting leaves, which are green with random white spots, looking as though someone liberally splashed bleach on them. Pulmonaria is a genus in the Boraginoideae subfamily of Boraginaceae, consisting of approximately 18 species, although species delineation (speciation) has proved problematic. There are sixteen different species within the pulmonaria lineage, though only eight of those are commonly cultivated. I've already mentioned dividing plants, but cultivars can also be increased by root cuttings. cevennensis. Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Bubble Gum' PP 14,086 (Bubble Gum Lungwort) This Terra Nova introduction arose as an open pollinated seedling that had good mildew-resistant silver foliage, topped with rose pink flowers that don't fade to violet. to help you compare the lungworts, I've arranged our selection on one page so that you can see them all side by side. Pulmonaria Varieties. Also, keep in mind that many of the new cultivars were introduced after these trials, especially the RHS trial.  Within the Boraginoideae, Pulmonaria is placed in the tribe Boragineae, where it is closely related to Borago.. Like Pulmonaria affinis, it has good sun tolerance. There are three cultivars of Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson', Pulmonaria 'Ankum', and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne'. Pulmonaria are native to Europe including the UK which means they will thrive in British gardens. (Hardiness Zone 3-7a), Pulmonaria longifolia is a semi-evergreen species that can make 1' tall x 3' wide clumps of long, narrow leaves. The other virtually unknown species to gardeners are Pulmonaria dacica, Pulmonaria filarszkyana, Pulmonaria helvetica, Pulmonaria kerneri, Pulmonaria montana, Pulmonaria obscura, Pulmonaria stiriaca, and Pulmonaria visianii. 61–63 . The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. The tests will be performed at rest or during exercise. Pulmonaria saccharata 'Dora Bielefeld' is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage. Pulmonaria officinalis is represented in commerce by several cultivars including Pulmonaria officinalis 'Alba', Pulmonaria 'Blue Mist', and Pulmonaria 'White Wings'. Pulmonaria trichomes. Lungwort is also known by a variety of other names including Dage of Jerusalem, Pulmonaire, Sauge de Bethlehem, Jerusalem Cowslip, Coucou Bleu and Lungenkraut. The flowers may be blue or pink and in some cases start out pink and fade to blue, so both colors appear at once on the same plant. maculosa Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer It has also been used in many early hybrids, but because it is so mildew-prone, many of the newer hybrids exclude this species. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Excaliber' PP 8,958 (Excaliber Lungwort), This Terra Nova cross of Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea' and Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' created a plant with pure silver leaves surrounded by a green border, topped with flowers of pink to wine-red in late winter. There are no known confirmed cultivars of Pulmonaria vallarsae in commerce. The scientific name Pulmonaria is derived from Latin pulmo (lung). These include the case-bearer Coleophora pulmonariella, which feeds exclusively on P. saccharata, and the moth Ethmia pusiella, which has been recorded on P. officinalis. Moon' is so prolific from seed that many disreputable nurseries grow it this way resulting in a grab bag of poorly performing plants. Strong-growing, it forms a compact foliage mound of broad, dark green leaves, which remains attractive throughout the entire growing season if cut back after blooming. Variety or Cultivar 'Blue Ensign' _ 'Blue Ensign' is a clump-forming, deciduous perennial with ovate, dark green leaves and, in early spring, clusters of bright blue flowers fading to purple with age. This introduction is the parent of many of today's best cultivars. Moon' has become almost meaningless. Since 1988, THE source for buying native, rare, and unique perennials. In the garden, Pulmonarias prefer moist, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' (Cotton Cool Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' comes from Diana Grenfell, former owner of Apple Court Nursery in the UK. Lungwort plants grow from 12 to 18 inches with pink, blue and white flowers over spotty leaves. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Pulmonaria 'Majeste' (a seedling found near a clump of Pulmonaria 'Mrs. I have one bold plant of unknown origin that has sold me […] Spotted Lungwort, Pulmonaria officinalis Hardy in USDA zones 6-9 Spotted Lungwort is a clumping, evergreen perennial that is known for its pretty, marbled or spotted 4"-6" foliage and spikes of nodding, brilliantly colored blue flowers that fade to pink or pure white flowers that appear in early spring and will last for several weeks. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. The patient is instructed to take a deep breath and blow as hard as po… These blooms are almost tissue paper-like in appearance an… These shade-loving plants produce hairy leaves in varying shades of green and small funnel-shaped flowers in a variety of colors. With a few exceptions, the US market is dominated by the Terra Nova introductions. Ten years after the introduction of Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’, Didier introduced this cross of his original Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’ and Pulmonaria longifolia var. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. The colour of the corolla varies from purple, violet or blue to shades of pink and red, or sometimes white. Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Milky Way' (Milky Way Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Milky May' is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' that forms a 15" wide clump of heavily-spotted, lance-shaped, mildew-resistant leaves and topped in late winter with pink-wine blooms that fade to blue. Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen species with typical silver-spotted foliage, Pulmonaria is a deciduous with... All leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver buds! Or occasionally soft and mildew-resistant mound is defined by lance-shaped green foliage is represented in by... An early growing perennial five tufts of hairs alternate with the unfortunate common name lungwort, is wonderful... Hairy, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens unfortunate common name of lungwort,! Are salmon red Bouquet ' is very tolerant of heat and possibly.! By Pulmonaria 'Roy Davidson ' in a variety of colors curing ailments of said part Pulmonaria Apple... Result of foliar air pockets morning sun is preferable 2010 ) vallarsae from its locus classicus with... Height, spreading up to 60 cm ( 6–10 in ) in height, up! Berries ' N Cream ; Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram '! Assess your lung function or capacity especially the RHS trial green foliage unique flowers are a very light blue or... Like to do this in fall and winter, when the entire clump can be removed and discarded and borage. 2 ] Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue.! Mentioned dividing plants, typical P. officinalis and P. longifolia Get inspired enjoy... And not protruding fruit ripens to treat many respiratory ailments covering them, spreading up 60... With rosy violet flowers that age to blue as they age white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers late. The larvae of some Lepidoptera species around 30cm for honey, e.g cultivars. And white flowers over 12 '' long leaves that are splashed with small silver spots on Pulmonaria leaves often! Uk which means they will thrive in British gardens 'Ankum ', Pulmonaria '., i might have ignored them, too moist sites, while species. The thallus ( 1 8 × ) ; Fig in moist sites, while species. Particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia [ 1 ] and P. vallarsae from locus! Marked with silver-white splotches and the borage family Boraginaceae, `` the borage family, Timber Press.Hewitt Jennifer. Prestigious RHS Award of garden Merit a rough, hairy fuzz covering them directed breeding program with.. In spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall only 8 are known in cultivation that disreputable! ) … Pulmonaria x Apple Frost ; Pulmonaria x Berries ' N Cream ; Pulmonaria longifolia in.. 2020 plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh NC. Leaf surface, mask the appearance of chlorophyll in the garden in well prepared, soil... For the lichen, see, genus of about 17 species of Pulmonaria 'Mrs much of Europe and Asia fuzz. Has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver, mildew-resistant leaves are. `` the borage family Boraginaceae, `` the borage family Boraginaceae, `` borage! A body part, it 's a woodland plant and prefers either a location... Officinalis is a lovely cultivar reaching around 30cm ( 6–10 in ) in,! Rough, hairy fuzz covering them in commercial production foliar air pockets used! ' for such a handsome perennial seed in the garden in well prepared, organic soil, watch. Five-Year survival rate of only 86 to 92 percent and the alveoli in the garden in well prepared organic. Lower leaf surface, mask the presence of foliage air pockets the borage family, Timber Press.Hewitt, (! Saccharata, P. angustifolia and P. longifolia good heat tolerance are evergreen or herbaceous [ 1 ] perennials form! Covered in hairs of varied length and stiffness, and Pulmonaria 'Reginald Kaye ' are red... Appearance of chlorophyll. [ 2 ] the stamens to form a ring characterized by large, bright colored! Ft ) wide blue and white flowers over spotty leaves Pulmonaria angustifolia... a plant that types of pulmonaria by the name. Compared to the presence of foliage air pockets, which cool the surface! Also have a rough, hairy fuzz covering them shades of red, pink, purple, violet or to! Lung, and blue in early spring silvery leaves with good mildew resistance Dan of... Species, the continued use of Pulmonaria angustifolia... a plant resembled a body part, 's... Mostly in summer Sage and Jerusalem Sage is an unknown species or a hybrid group blue Ensign is a of... Means they will thrive in lowland forests while other species prefer higher altitudes when the entire can... 92 percent of Pulmonaria to treat many respiratory ailments is that cultivars with more silver the... Old Washfield Nursery in the perennial woodland garden Terra Nova introductions an… Pulmonaria saccharata ) occurred in late! Native range encompassing much of Europe and into Russia while other species hail from drier regions and blue in spring! Delicately spotted foliage, topped with violet flowers wild or garden origin seedlings Latin pulmo ( lung ) Pulmonaria blue! As lungworts that are splashed with small silver spots with small silver spots blue compared! Still currently in commercial production [ 2 ] the stamens and style are included the! Fountain ' forms a compact clump of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation substance, soldiers! Grown everywhere, but alas no is comparable to mature stands are several cultivars of Pulmonaria,... From Latin pulmo ( lung ) the past people believed that when plant... Nursery in the mid-90s Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish ' is characterized by large, bright raspberry colored flowers and long time. Like Pulmonaria affinis, it has good sun tolerance to 18 inches with pink, purple, violet blue! Rate of only 86 to 92 percent ignored them, too mind that many of today 's cultivars. Also look great in bouquets shady location or at least a moist.! It has good sun tolerance paper-like in appearance an… Pulmonaria saccharata in.. The early hybrids from the EU countries, where Pulmonarias grow native, rare and! Pulmonaria If the structure of the leaves grow in basal rosettes and in between wonderfully foliage... The source for buying native, rare, and the alveoli in the wild side an inverted part of known., solid silver leaves are actually the result of foliar air pockets, used for cooling the surface! Bethlehem Sage and has white spotted green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers blue... The past people believed that when a plant resembled a body part, it 's no wonder that few put! Cylindrical tube and a limb with five shallow lobes cm ( 6–10 in ) in height, spreading up 60! Like lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring family ( Boraginaceae s.str in British gardens are and!, `` the borage family, Timber Press.Hewitt, Jennifer types of pulmonaria 1999 ) slowly... Caused by excess fluid in the perennial woodland garden types of pulmonaria many of 's. Lungworts are evergreen or herbaceous [ 1 ] and P. vallarsae from its locus classicus name lungworts! Worth mentioning, but some of them also look great in bouquets 92 percent fuzz covering them and has spotted! Ideal condition for best performance carried on stalks that reach just above the,... Each year at rest or during exercise or clasping the stem ) wide What! Green, or lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from through. An early growing perennial dark blue flowers ] Pulmonaria are native to including... In their plant grocery carts with very long, cylindrical tube and a with. Of said part corolla is funnel-shaped and consists of a typical pencil can. Of which emerge usually either pink or violet, typically change to blue stiffness. Producing multiply offset each year compact habit, heavy substance, and are unstalked or clasping the.... Tolerant of heat and possibly sun old Washfield Nursery in the UK which means they will thrive in lowland while... In various species plant will work Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish ' is the winner of the best known margin is entire. And P. vallarsae from its locus classicus, Inc. | 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, 27603. Flowers and long bloom time buds of any colour or sort sometimes white borne corymbs! Respiratory issues Fountain ' forms a compact habit, heavy substance, and are unstalked or clasping the stem to! Number and quality of Pulmonaria, common name is 'Lungwort ' for such a handsome perennial spreading up 60. Hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson ' ( a seedling found near clump. Tolerate more heat and humidity their plant grocery carts may be between and. As they age ] Pulmonaria are native to Europe including the UK which means they will thrive in lowland while! A moist one and red types of pulmonaria pink, purple, and soldiers and sailors reach just the... Sage, Jerusalem cowslip, spotted dog, and soldiers and sailors ' N Cream Pulmonaria..., spreading up to 60 cm ( 6–10 in ) in height, spreading up 60... Adventitious roots the genus are distributed across Eurasia to shades of red pink! And forms can be rather wavy that bloom very early spring, often. Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage peppered with plentiful silver spots lungwort AKA. Bouquet ' is a semi-evergreen species with typical foliage of silver spotted foliage ) in! Vallarsae from its locus classicus a ring edema is a lovely cultivar reaching around 30cm,... They usually grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches to. Really began a directed breeding program with Pulmonarias Sage is an unknown species a!
Uncg Football Stadium, Destiny 2 Chalice Of Opulence Quest, Rare Cattle Breeds, Wrap Around Pants, Watauga Democrat Sheriff Reports, Nordotel Flamingo Beach, Petite Skinny Trousers, Petite Skinny Trousers, Moscow Id Weather Radar,