types of pulmonaria

In the past people believed that when a plant resembled a body part, it was capable of curing ailments of said part. Pulmonary function tests are used to assess your lung function or capacity. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' PP 11,234 (Victorian Brooch Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' is a Terra Nova hybrid of Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard', characterized by very large flowers, a compact scape of purple flowers and a 2.5 month bloom period. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) COP is a disease of the bronchioles and the alveoli in the lungs. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. There are several cultivars of the fake Pulmonaria angustifolia, the most commonly grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer'. Introduction. Anderson; Pulmonaria Longifolia Exclaibur; Pulmonaria Majeste; Summary. Lungworts are shade plants that, like many of the hostas, are often valued more for their attractive foliage than for their spring flowers. The blades are usually large, from narrowly lanceolate to oval, with the base ranging from heart shaped to very gradually narrowing, and can have a sharply pointed or blunt tip. Pulmonaria (lungwort) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and western Asia, with one species (P. mollissima) east to central Asia. Others include P. The leaves are often prominently spotted in black and blue, or sometimes in pale green, or unspotted. (Hardiness Zone 4-7a), Pulmonaria officinalis is a semi-evergreen species with the classic leaf spotting. [3], Pulmonaria is an early spring flowering deciduous perennial, retaining its leaves till late winter, just before the new growth emerges.[2]. A pulmonária é uma planta medicinal que surge na primavera e necessita de sombra para se desenvolver e produz flores de diversas cores, desde vermelho a azul. Others include P. affinis. Despite the funny name, pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant. There is only one cultivar of the true Pulmonaria angustifolia ... a plant that goes by the invalid name of Pulmonaria angustifolia 'Alba'. Just a couple of weeks to go... * My Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' in full bloom in March last year; its flowers are amazing true blue, opening from purple buds. Over the years, the number and quality of Pulmonaria hybrids has dramatically increased and improved. E.B. These unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets. They are especially valued as groundcover in damp shaded areas, producing their blue and/or pink flowers in late winter and early spring, accompanied by dense clusters of heart-shaped leaves that are often strikingly mottled and marbled, throughout summer. I have also found that light shade with a few hours of morning sun is preferable. In deep shade, where air circulation is often less than ideal, many of the cultivars will tend to get powdery mildew on their foliage during the summer. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 15 species of perennials in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and Asia. There are a number of selections of Pulmonaria rubra in commerce, but since they have poor heat tolerance, they are confined to cooler summer climates. Check out our list of 20 different types of tropical flowers to get inspired. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' (Margery Fish Lungwort), This lungwort from plantswoman Margery Fish was originally thought to be a selection of Pulmonaria vallarsae, but was found to be a hybrid. Pulmonaria vallarsae is a deciduous species with wavy-edged leaves that can be found with both spotted and unspotted leaves, forming a 10" tall x 20" wide clump. A winning Terra Nova introduction between Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Bertram Anderson’ and Pulmonaria vallarsae ‘Margery Fish’, this energetic Pulmonaria serves generous portions of clustered, large royal-blue flowers. Pulmonaria are short-lived plants by nature and the only way to maintain them on a long-term basis is to divide the clumps every 3-5 years. Of the known species of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation. Since then, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver leaf Pulmonarias with good heat tolerance. Perhaps with a name like lungworts, it's no wonder that few folks put these in their plant grocery carts. Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' is the winner of the prestigious RHS Award of Garden Merit. [2] The stamens and style are included within the corolla and not protruding. No one even knows what the original Pulmonaria 'Miss Moon' looked like, so pick one of the better choices and avoid this one. I like to do this in fall and winter, when the entire clump can be lifted, teased apart, and replanted. Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. All leaves are covered with hairs that are usually bristly, or occasionally soft. Copyright © 2020 Plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | Botanical name. Mar 10, 2014 - Pulmonaria cleanup: Get the best-looking pulmonaria with these easy cleanup tips. This led to the common name \"lungwort.\" Despite the odd name, lungwort has amazing design aspectsprimarily for its early spring blooms. Basal leaves are carried on stalks that can be short or longer than the leaf blade in various species. Within the corolla throat, five tufts of hairs alternate with the stamens to form a ring. [2], The leaves are arranged in rosettes. Pulmonaria What kind of name is 'Lungwort' for such a handsome perennial? "Well Spotted" The Garden. The stems are usually upright, or slightly spreading. Actually, any season that you have time to divide the plant will work. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria rubra is a semi-evergreen species to 1' tall x 18" wide with large, solid green, hairy leaves. However, even NSIP has a five-year survival rate of only 86 to 92 percent. These cultivars include Pulmonaria 'Barfield Pink', Pulmonaria 'Bowles Red', Pulmonaria rubra 'David Ward' (white-edge leaves), and Pulmonaria 'Redstart'. [2] Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia[1] and P. longifolia. They like moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too. Moon' (Mrs. FIGS. Only a handful of the EU selected Pulmonaria cultivars are available in the US, and many only exist in small specialty nurseries in the EU. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' PP 13,686 (Moonshine Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is the result of an open pollinated seedling of unknown parents. Russian medunitza, Polish miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian "медуница". Family Boraginaceae . The diseased foliage can be removed and discarded and the plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage. It is one of the best Pulmonaria species for sun tolerance, and it is only represented in the trade by one cultivar, Pulmonaria 'Margaret' (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria angustifolia has been the source of much nomenclatural confusion, since the plant in the horticultural trade as Pulmonaria angustifolia doesn't match the real Pulmonaria angustifolia. Pulmonaria officinalis is an perennial evergreen species. Most are fast growers, producing multiply offset each year. The leaves also have a rough, hairy fuzz covering them. ): A revised infrafamilial classification based on new phylogenetic evidence, with emphasis on the placement of some enigmatic genera", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pulmonaria&oldid=958736549, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 May 2020, at 13:02. Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. The flowers are a very light blue, compared to the dark blue of Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson'. These fake Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers. Grown since the 1930s, Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria 'Majeste', a much improved selection (first sold in 1988) soon followed, and this French introduction from Didier Willery of La Ferme Fleurie Nursery was a much superior plant with a better PR agent. Unlike most other Pulmonaria species, the flowers are salmon red. Root cuttings need to be 2-3" long and stuck vertically with the end furthest from the plant crown down ... polarity is very important. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). Lungwort plants are most often grown for their interesting leaves, which are green with random white spots, looking as though someone liberally splashed bleach on them. Pulmonaria is a genus in the Boraginoideae subfamily of Boraginaceae, consisting of approximately 18 species, although species delineation (speciation) has proved problematic. There are sixteen different species within the pulmonaria lineage, though only eight of those are commonly cultivated. I've already mentioned dividing plants, but cultivars can also be increased by root cuttings. cevennensis. Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Bubble Gum' PP 14,086 (Bubble Gum Lungwort) This Terra Nova introduction arose as an open pollinated seedling that had good mildew-resistant silver foliage, topped with rose pink flowers that don't fade to violet. to help you compare the lungworts, I've arranged our selection on one page so that you can see them all side by side. Pulmonaria Varieties. Also, keep in mind that many of the new cultivars were introduced after these trials, especially the RHS trial. [3] Within the Boraginoideae, Pulmonaria is placed in the tribe Boragineae, where it is closely related to Borago.[4]. Like Pulmonaria affinis, it has good sun tolerance. There are three cultivars of Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson', Pulmonaria 'Ankum', and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne'. Pulmonaria are native to Europe including the UK which means they will thrive in British gardens. (Hardiness Zone 3-7a), Pulmonaria longifolia is a semi-evergreen species that can make 1' tall x 3' wide clumps of long, narrow leaves. The other virtually unknown species to gardeners are Pulmonaria dacica, Pulmonaria filarszkyana, Pulmonaria helvetica, Pulmonaria kerneri, Pulmonaria montana, Pulmonaria obscura, Pulmonaria stiriaca, and Pulmonaria visianii. 61–63 . The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. The tests will be performed at rest or during exercise. Pulmonaria saccharata 'Dora Bielefeld' is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage. Pulmonaria officinalis is represented in commerce by several cultivars including Pulmonaria officinalis 'Alba', Pulmonaria 'Blue Mist', and Pulmonaria 'White Wings'. Pulmonaria trichomes. Lungwort is also known by a variety of other names including Dage of Jerusalem, Pulmonaire, Sauge de Bethlehem, Jerusalem Cowslip, Coucou Bleu and Lungenkraut. The flowers may be blue or pink and in some cases start out pink and fade to blue, so both colors appear at once on the same plant. maculosa Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer It has also been used in many early hybrids, but because it is so mildew-prone, many of the newer hybrids exclude this species. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Excaliber' PP 8,958 (Excaliber Lungwort), This Terra Nova cross of Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea' and Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' created a plant with pure silver leaves surrounded by a green border, topped with flowers of pink to wine-red in late winter. There are no known confirmed cultivars of Pulmonaria vallarsae in commerce. The scientific name Pulmonaria is derived from Latin pulmo (lung). These include the case-bearer Coleophora pulmonariella, which feeds exclusively on P. saccharata, and the moth Ethmia pusiella, which has been recorded on P. officinalis. Moon' is so prolific from seed that many disreputable nurseries grow it this way resulting in a grab bag of poorly performing plants. Strong-growing, it forms a compact foliage mound of broad, dark green leaves, which remains attractive throughout the entire growing season if cut back after blooming. Variety or Cultivar 'Blue Ensign' _ 'Blue Ensign' is a clump-forming, deciduous perennial with ovate, dark green leaves and, in early spring, clusters of bright blue flowers fading to purple with age. This introduction is the parent of many of today's best cultivars. Moon' has become almost meaningless. Since 1988, THE source for buying native, rare, and unique perennials. In the garden, Pulmonarias prefer moist, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' (Cotton Cool Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' comes from Diana Grenfell, former owner of Apple Court Nursery in the UK. Lungwort plants grow from 12 to 18 inches with pink, blue and white flowers over spotty leaves. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Pulmonaria 'Majeste' (a seedling found near a clump of Pulmonaria 'Mrs. I have one bold plant of unknown origin that has sold me […] Spotted Lungwort, Pulmonaria officinalis Hardy in USDA zones 6-9 Spotted Lungwort is a clumping, evergreen perennial that is known for its pretty, marbled or spotted 4"-6" foliage and spikes of nodding, brilliantly colored blue flowers that fade to pink or pure white flowers that appear in early spring and will last for several weeks. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. The patient is instructed to take a deep breath and blow as hard as po… These blooms are almost tissue paper-like in appearance an… These shade-loving plants produce hairy leaves in varying shades of green and small funnel-shaped flowers in a variety of colors. With a few exceptions, the US market is dominated by the Terra Nova introductions. Ten years after the introduction of Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’, Didier introduced this cross of his original Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’ and Pulmonaria longifolia var. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. The colour of the corolla varies from purple, violet or blue to shades of pink and red, or sometimes white. Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. 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